Come, See, Stay Part II

samaritan-woman-editThis woman just got served by Jesus.  Unfortunately for her she was served in the sense of her sinful past being laid to bare.  But to her credit, she rolls with it pretty well all considered.  He provoked her so he could propose to her for something better than the five marriages she had.

The woman said to him, “Sir, I can see that you are a prophet. Our ancestors worshiped on this mountain; but you people say that the place to worship is in Jerusalem.”  Jesus said to her, “Believe me, woman, the hour is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. You people worship what you do not understand; we worship what we understand, because salvation is from the Jews. But the hour is coming, and is now here, when true worshipers will worship the Father in Spirit and truth; and indeed the Father seeks such people to worship him. God is Spirit, and those who worship him must worship in Spirit and truth.” The woman said to him, “I know that the Messiah is coming, the one called the Anointed; when he comes, he will tell us everything.” Jesus said to her, “I am he,the one who is speaking with you.”

At that moment his disciples returned, and were amazed that he was talking with a woman, but still no one said, “What are you looking for?” or “Why are you talking with her?” The woman left her water jar and went into the town and said to the people, Come see a man who told me everything I have done. Could he possibly be the Messiah?” (John 4:19-29).

See

 

Sir, I can see that you are a prophet— A turning point in anyone’s conversion is recognizing Jesus has some valid authority. As a Samaritan she had an imperfect formation by jewish standards in what to hope for but she does see something big is going since a prophet is sent typically for a big picture.  Her perspective is broadening.

…this mountain; but you people say that the place to worship is in Jerusalem— This woman is centering on spiritual mysteries that seem to have no discernible purpose and doing that based on her own cultural lens.  Jesus responds with a coming agenda, a kingdom, that would not be bound to her culture or his and does indeed have a discernible purpose.  Jesus acknowledges the grounding that comes in salvation history through the Jews but points to important points

I know that the Messiah is coming, the one called the Anointed— She shows some irony that speaks to our good reference points that open us to the message about Jesus.  The Samaritan woman lays out the equivalent of saying “God, if you are there, show me that you are there and illuminate to me what really matters.”

Jesus works with such humility because it is against his nature not to.  A God that wants freedom for us does this truly by granting free will.  This also means that the proposal for her to follow Jesus, or anyone today, has an inevitable illumination of the divine life of the Holy Trinity.

The One whom the Father has sent into our hearts, the Spirit of his Son, is truly God.10 Consubstantial with the Father and the Son, the Spirit is inseparable from them, in both the inner life of the Trinity and his gift of love for the world. In adoring the Holy Trinity, life-giving, consubstantial, and indivisible, the Church’s faith also professes the distinction of persons. When the Father sends his Word, he always sends his Breath. In their joint mission, the Son and the Holy Spirit are distinct but inseparable. To be sure, it is Christ who is seen, the visible image of the invisible God, but it is the Spirit who reveals him (Catechism of the Catholic Church para. 689).

The work of the Holy Spirit is to point to Jesus as the visible member of the God head or Divinity.  Working as “Breath” (the word for spirit and wind is the same in Hebrew which influenced believers in the 1st century in thought even those who were Greek-speaking), there is a relational context that the believer is invited to (John 17:21).  This intent of breathing the Breath of God has to have consequence on earth in a new agenda.

Stay

will worship the Father in Spirit and truth- Jesus is contrasting her presumption that the new faith would have to be anchored by a singular geographical location.  For Jesus to say this had foundation from prior scripture.  “From the rising of the sun to its setting, my name is great among the nations;Incense offerings are made to my name everywhere, and a pure offering; For my name is great among the nations, says the Lord of hosts” (Malachi 1:11).

the Father seeks such people to worship him-  These people are sensitized to the joint mission of the Son and the Holy Spirit.  The spirit spoken of is a reminder of the Holy Spirit being the Breath behind all spiritual winds and we know that the truth is Jesus (John 14:6).

God is Spirit-  Exactly. “I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the Giver of life who proceeds from the Father and the Son and with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified (Nicene Creed, 325).

those who worship him must worship in Spirit and truth – For those who know the call after conversion to be true worshippers they are introduced into partaking of this divine nature, are continually sensitized to true worship and by nature have an unmistakable urge to worship the Father in Christ.  Simply put, people like that are swept up in love with their Father.

I who speak to you am he—  This is the diving line.  She can go backward from Jesus but not in ignorance.  Or she could go forward and be changed in perceptions and lifestyle with a cull conversion.  She has been proposed to and not imposed upon.  No man has truly claimed her but she can be claimed by Jesus.  And so she is.  And so we can be in the moments of turning around.   From there we can turn forward to the world and have something important to say about this mysterious Other.

Go

“Come see a man who told me everything I have done. Could he possibly be the Messiah?”— Good evangelism sometimes is knowing the answer to the right question.  She had her answer.  Each day one chooses to walk in friendship with Jesus is an opportunity to be whole.  Are all the dynamics of conversion meant to be figured out?  No, but if we open our eyes Jesus will meet us in the common wells of our lives. The subsequent transformation compels us to a proclamation.

The origin and purpose of mission. The Lord’s missionary mandate is ultimately grounded in the eternal love of the Most Holy Trinity: “The Church on earth is by her nature missionary since, according to the plan of the Father, she has as her origin the mission of the Son and the Holy Spirit.”341 The ultimate purpose of mission is none other than to make men share in the communion between the Father and the Son in their Spirit of love (Catechism of the Catholic Church para. 850).

Come, See and Stay at The Well Part I

samaritan-woman-edit

There can be many points of bias that one can have in spiritual seeking whether they are honestly skeptical or even a cynic.  In this line of study in doubt and inquiry in an encounter with Christ there is something to be appreciated for those who are marginalized from a societal influence that makes them think that by the group they belong to or what they have done that Jesus as Savior need not apply.  It would be almost like a given that a message like a goodness that is “up there” cannot be projected “down to” the one who feels marginalized.  Case in point to be seen below in one woman who felt unworthy for the reasons above of Jesus’ friendship and attention.  I should also point out that the Christian message is that Jesus is the same always.

A woman of Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, “Give me a drink.” His disciples had gone into the town to buy food. The Samaritan woman said to him, “How can you, a Jew, ask me, a Samaritan woman, for a drink?” (For Jews use nothing in common with Samaritans.) Jesus answered and said to her, “If you knew the gift of God and who is saying to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would have asked him and he would have given you living water.” The woman said to him, “Sir, you do not even have a bucket and the well is deep; where then can you get this living water? Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us this well and drank from it himself with his children and his flocks?” Jesus answered and said to her, “Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again; but whoever drinks the water I shall give will never thirst; the water I shall give will become in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life.” The woman said to him, “Sir, give me this water, so that I may not be thirsty or have to keep coming here to draw water.”

Jesus said to her, “Go call your husband and come back.”  The woman answered and said to him, “I do not have a husband.” Jesus answered her, “You are right in saying, ‘I do not have a husband.’ For you have had five husbands, and the one you have now is not your husband. What you have said is true.” The woman said to him, “Sir, I can see that you are a prophet. Our ancestors worshiped on this mountain; but you people say that the place to worship is in Jerusalem.”  Jesus said to her, “Believe me, woman, the hour is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. You people worship what you do not understand; we worship what we understand, because salvation is from the Jews. But the hour is coming, and is now here, when true worshipers will worship the Father in Spirit and truth; and indeed the Father seeks such people to worship him. God is Spirit, and those who worship him must worship in Spirit and truth.” The woman said to him, “I know that the Messiah is coming, the one called the Anointed; when he comes, he will tell us everything.” Jesus said to her, “I am he,the one who is speaking with you.”

At that moment his disciples returned, and were amazed that he was talking with a woman, but still no one said, “What are you looking for?” or “Why are you talking with her?” The woman left her water jar and went into the town and said to the people, Come see a man who told me everything I have done. Could he possibly be the Messiah?” (John 4:7-29).

Come 

A woman of Samaria came …”“How can you, a Jew…?”— Here is a socially based assumption.  Then and now there are assumptions in cultures about Christianity and even about Jesus due to a lack of good representation of the basics of Jesus and lack of universality in the representation by Christians.  A clash of Jesus and one who is alienated through such suppositions is not inherently bad.  In this scene Jesus can especially see conflict as an opportunity for a proposal of sorts.

you do not even have a bucket and the well is deep; where then can you get this living water?— Here is a part of the dialogue where they are sort of speaking past each other.  The woman thinks only by a natural terms but Jesus speaks in spiritual life.

The key term is life with a definition analogously informed by biology.  Definitions of a life include eating, growing and reproducing.  For this life to dwell and overflow means that she can be touched by the life of Jesus and that this life can extend through her to others.  Later that day this seems to play out.

Sir, give me this water, so that I may not be thirsty or have to keep coming here to draw water.

This is a baby step to conversion.  She is taking a step that Jesus can do something life changing but limits it to only changing her physical circumstance.

This points to two thinking errors.  The first is motivated by her basic needs taking precedence.  The second is that Jesus will make her literal well give endless water just for her like the earth should literally revolve around her.  The gospel has good and bad news: God loves us and has a plan for our lives that we should submit to but the bad news is that it is not all about us individually.  That said, at least she is starting to see Jesus as being able to deliver something though with limitations.

I do not have a husband—  This is a moral turning point in being encountered by Jesus. As a person or a group gets engaged with the gospel it should be known that the message of God’s kingdom, though of grace, puts our lifestyle on trial.  In a post-Christian culture the rhetoric gets only better and better at putting objective moral values on trial.  Yet, the Christian Church of the 1st century was known to be “the pillar and foundation of truth” (1 Timothy 3:15).  Objective moral truth can be put on trial, albeit wrongfully.

But there is even more of an increase in her faith emerging in the encounter that is good.  She did not yet know all of Jesus’ capabilities and could have lied.  She could have said that her “husband” was away on a trip.  What is implied is the beginnings of confessing how messed up her life has become.  She is starting to slowly rip the band-aid off.  But Jesus picks up the pace.

Indefectability

Old Church

I heard a striking story once that nailed the continuity of Christianity to a T.  Tim Staples was on a place once seated next to a young, polite mormon man who had just finished his two years of missionary service.  One of the stances of the Mormon Church is that Christianity started in its pristine shape but then became apostate.  Along came the prophet Joseph Smith who restored what was dead.

On this theme, Staples had some follow up questions on that point.  He asked him “Is ‘all scripture God-breathed’ and is ‘useful’ like it says in 2 Timothy 3:16?”.  He answered yes.  Then he took him to the following passage that most people do not think about.

 “If your brother[l] sins [against you], go and tell him his fault between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have won over your brother. If he does not listen, take one or two others along with you, so that ‘every fact may be established on the testimony of two or three witnesses.’ If he refuses to listen to them, tell the church. If he refuses to listen even to the church, then treat him as you would a Gentile or a tax collector (Matthew 18:15-17).

His wise follow ups after the young man said this passage were: Is this also applicable?  “Yes!” Was it applicable 5 years ago?  50?  Yes.  Yes.  In 1790?

Then the young man’s face was downcast.  1790 was thirty years before his beloved prophet had his revelation.  So before that, even if one could say there could be more than one valid Christian, there would be nowhere to settle disputes.  The young man was discouraged and a seed was planted that there had to be some kind of Christian community that was both visible and authoritative from Jesus’ passion until now.

And that is the crux of how that argument comes down to: the reliability of Jesus depends in part on a continuity of an institution that keeps existing and has authority in faith and morals.  This is why Jesus said  “upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it” (Matthew 16:18).  Apostasy?  No match unless one believes that Jesus was a liar, lunatic or combination of that with legend.

There is more to this ongoing church.  It is to carry on the proper glory given in worship to God.  “Now to him who is able to accomplish far more than all we ask or imagine, by the power at work within us, to him be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus to all generations, forever and ever. Amen” (Ephesians 3:20-21).  So, how can an apostate church bring glory to God?

The other mission of the church that is meant to keep going is being a witness to the grace of God.

that in the ages to come he might show the immeasurable riches of his grace in his kindness to us in Christ Jesus. For by grace you have been saved through faith, and this is not from you; it is the gift of God; it is not from works, so no one may boast. For we are his handiwork, created in Christ Jesus for the good works that God has prepared in advance, that we should live in them (Ephesians 2:7-10).

Notice those words “might show” and “we should live in them” are to be ongoing and not just for Paul’s day.  The context is set up as “the ages to come”.  So God does not get what he wants?  Or, again, does God do this through an apostate church?

And then there is the matter of Mary.  According to scripture there has to be some level of veneration of Mary through all the generations. “And Mary said: ‘My soul proclaims the greatness of the Lord;my spirit rejoices in God my savior. For he has looked upon his handmaid’s lowliness; behold, from now on will all ages call me blessed’ “ (Luke 1:46-48).

So in every generation there needs to be a people who are giving some reverence to Mary the mother of Jesus.  We have this recorded in the word of God in her conversation with an angel.  If this was conceit on her part about “all ages” then surely Gabriel would have set her straight to make sure no one would worship her.  But yet one can find veneration to her among the Anglicans, Catholics, Coptics and Eastern Orthodox.

Next, there needs to be a perpetual teaching office for any kingdom to continue that is rooted in a spiritual line.  We learn from the Old Testament that there was a teaching office in the magisterium, scriptures and tradition.  Jesus gave us the apostles who carried on the Old Testament and had tradition that would pass on something orally “Therefore, brothers, stand firm and hold fast to the traditions that you were taught, either by an oral statement or by a letter of ours” (2 Thessalonians 2:15).  This includes the proper celebration of the Lord’s Supper (1 Corinthians 11) that is what we know through the early church fathers as the Eucharist.  When Jesus said in the gospels that his blood is true drink and his flesh is true food (John 6) and that “This is my body” he meant it and commissioned a church government to regulate the distribution of himself in the Eucharist.

Take note of those who hold heterodox opinions on the grace of Jesus Christ which has come to us, and see how contrary their opinions are to the mind of God… They abstain from the Eucharist and from prayer, because they do not confess that the Eucharist is the Flesh of our Savior Jesus Christ, Flesh which suffered for our sins and which the Father, in his goodness, raised up again. They who deny the gift of God are perishing in their disputes.” —Letter to the Smyrnans, Ch 6. 107 AD.

He was on his way to be martyred when he wrote this. He was the third bishop of Antioch. The first city where the word Christian was used.

But the teaching office?  We have the word of God!  Scripture alone!  Nor really.  If you look at Acts 1 the apostles replace Judas with Mathias.  He never wrote an epistle just like most of the apostles but in that chapter they quote the psalms about another taking his office.  In quoting the Greek translation of the Old Testament the word for office is where we get episcopate as in that which a bishop holds.  You then see that Paul later tells Timothy to set up bishops who would guard the deposit of faith and would spread that to still more people setting the stage for four generations alone (2 Timothy 2:2).

Wherever the bishop shall appear, there let the multitude [of the people] also be; even as, wherever Jesus Christ is, there is the Catholic Church. It is not lawful without the bishop either to baptize or to celebrate a love-feast; but whatsoever he shall approve of, that is also pleasing to God, so that everything that is done may be secure and valid.  Ignatius Letter to the Smyrnans.  107 AD.

In fact, it was bishops that organized the final canon of scripture even more generations later in the late 300’s.  Bishops of that confederation belonged to lines of apostolic succession that are now called Catholic, Coptic and Eastern Orthodox.

But in that council, not the first of its kind, the organized canon was not official without Pope Damasus I presiding over it in 382 and Pope Innocent I finalizing in 405.  Even then the historical residence of the Pope was in Rome (look further back to the 90’s with I Clement the letter).  The bishops could not have anything officially infallible without the say so of the Bishop of Rome.

At this point I would like to get back to the rock and church reference in a fuller context.

Jesus said to him in reply, “Blessed are you [singular], Simon son of Jonah. For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my heavenly Father. And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven” (Matthew 16: 16-19).

Peter would be a new royal steward and chief of the new magisterium of the New Israel.  Anyone else that would come up as a new bishop for centuries to come would be defaulted to be approved by Peter or whoever would take also his office with the same logic as Matthias replacing Judas.  In other words, papal succession went with apostolic succession.

“ ‘Simon, Simon, behold Satan has demanded to sift all of you like wheat, but I have prayed that your own faith may not fail; and once you have turned back, you must strengthen your brothers.’ “(Luke 22:31-33).  The word here for strengthen is not just a pep talk.  He would confirm them.  As much as I appreciate the janitor staff of where I went to school, for them to confer on my parchment at graduation would be inappropriate.  Someone of a higher standing than me in that university handed that to me.  In this era, it is common to lift high the banner of “spiritual but not religious” but make no mistake: Jesus is religious, he founded a church and it is hierarchical. I have been the chief of the supposed “spiritual” argument.  But as you can see in what I have outlined above, I believe I have encountered Christ in the context of a a 2,000 year old, Marian spirituality, Petrine governing, authoritative, transcendent called out community.   I am home.