Often religion gets a bad rap and often for undeserved. One example is being ethnocentric on God’s the favor. But the message of Christianity is a universal in design and meant to be expressed that way. To be a Christian is to grow in holiness while being holy. Christians have fallen short at times in keeping Christianity moved by the world rather than moving the world.
It is worth noticing how the gospel’s proposal is unfolded with universality, mystery and challenge. Unfortunately the proposal is met with unbelief and cynicism.
Our ancestors ate manna in the desert, as it is written: ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’”
So Jesus said to them, “Amen, amen, I say to you, it was not Moses who gave the bread from heaven; my Father gives you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is that which comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.” So they said to him, “Sir, give us this bread always.” Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me will never hunger, and whoever believes in me will never thirst. But I told you that although you have seen [me], you do not believe. Everything that the Father gives me will come to me, and I will not reject anyone who comes to me, because I came down from heaven not to do my own will but the will of the one who sent me. And this is the will of the one who sent me, that I should not lose anything of what he gave me, but that I should raise it [on] the last day. For this is the will of my Father, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in him may have eternal life, and I shall raise him [on] the last day.” The Jews murmured about him because he said, “I am the bread that came down from heaven,” and they said, “Is this not Jesus, the son of Joseph? Do we not know his father and mother? Then how can he say, ‘I have come down from heaven’?” Jesus answered and said to them, “Stop murmuring among yourselves. No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draw him, and I will raise him on the last day. It is written in the prophets:
‘They shall all be taught by God.’ Everyone who listens to my Father and learns from him comes to me. Not that anyone has seen the Father except the one who is from God; he has seen the Father. Amen, amen, I say to you, whoever believes has eternal life. I am the bread of life. Your ancestors ate the manna in the desert, but they died; this is the bread that comes down from heaven so that one may eat it and not die. I am the living bread that came down from heaven; whoever eats this bread will live forever; and the bread that I will give is my flesh for the life of the world.” (John 6:31-51).
It was not Moses who gave the bread from heaven; my Father gives you the true bread from heaven— Jesus begins to challenge them to the transcendent. If the manna, which means “What is it?”, is drawn back only to Moses and the past then the faith is only a subjective religious experience. Instead Jesus draws their attention to God the Father in the context of the present.
For the bread of God is that which comes down from heaven and gives life to the world— The distinction here is that this sustenance, coming only come from God, is for the world. This revisits John 3:16 in that “God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son….” Jesus is to be consumed and it is from divine love that resurrection life touches those from everywhere.
Sir, give us this bread always.” Jesus said… “whoever comes…whoever believes ….Everything that the Father gives me will come to me— They have a hard time discerning how serious Jesus is about the nature of offering himself. Jesus speaks to them with a qualifier about the “whoever” and points to the heavenly Father. To speak of this kingdom is by a family table and in mystery. Also one can see the conversion is “both/and” in coming to Jesus by destiny and choice at the same time.
For this is the will of my Father, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in him may have eternal life— But the context is in coming and believing in Jesus as Lord and Savior. If it is just by a worldly point of view that he is just a carpenter, good teacher, great prophet or nice guy then there is little redemptive. Such a perspective of all that Jesus is has much emptiness.
Is this not Jesus, the son of Joseph? Do we not know his father and mother? Then how can he say, ‘I have come down from heaven’? —- Paul addressed this to early believers who could have, and likely were, swayed by the philosophies of their day. “Consequently, from now on we regard no one according to the flesh; even if we once knew Christ according to the flesh, yet now we know him so no longer” (2 Corinthians 5:16). However, in the context of this whole passage it is worth considering the same for the Eucharist. To the eyes of the flesh when Jesus died not he cross it was just a Roman execution. Likewise, to the eyes of the flesh now one could just see a wafer at an altar of Catholic, Orthodox or Coptic parish and wonder what thus fuss is about. But with eyes of faith the perspective changes when a priest hold up the Eucharist and says. “Behold the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world”.
I will give is my flesh for the life of the world— A beautiful thing happens in the path of conversion to Jesus. One does get that introduction through evangelization like what happened with the first two disciples by John the Baptist. Then the disciples on that day by the river ask where Jesus is staying. He said, “come and see” (John 1:39). The measure of God’s love for the world of John 3:16 is infinite. The most normative way for us to respond is repentance, faith, obedience and with the greatest virtue of love. From this we thank God for sending Jesus. This is what early church communion was in Greek using the term for communion: eucharistia.
The Eucharist has been present since Jesus ascended and is an extension of The Sacrifice of Jesus who said he would be with us “To the end of the age” (Matthew 28:20). This is not a later interpretation. A eucharistic interpretation was noted by St. Justin Martyr in 155 in his Dialogue with Trypho.
“And this food is called among us Eucharistia [the Eucharist], of which no one is allowed to partake but the man who believes that the things which we teach are true, and who has been washed with the washing that is for the remission of sins, and unto regeneration, and who is so living as Christ has enjoined.For not as common bread and common drink do we receive these; but in like manner as Jesus Christ our Saviour, having been made flesh by the Word of God, had both flesh and blood for our salvation, so likewise have we been taught that the food which is blessed by the prayer of His word, and from which our blood and flesh by transmutation are nourished, is the flesh and blood of that Jesus who was made flesh.” – (First Apology, 66. 155 AD)
St. Ireneaeus of Lyon agreed with this interpretation in 189 in Against All Heresies.
Then, again, how can they say that the flesh, which is nourished with the body and with His blood, goes to corruption, and does not partake of life? Let them, therefore, either alter their opinion, or cease from the things mentioned. But our opinion is in accordance with the Eucharist, and the Eucharist in turn establishes our opinion. For we to Him His own, announcing consistently the fellowship and union of the flesh and For as the bread, which is produced from the earth, when it receives the invocation of God, is no longer common bread, but the Eucharist, consisting of two realities, earthly and heavenly; so also our bodies, when they receive the Eucharist, are no longer corruptible, having the of the resurrection to eternity. (St. Ireneaeus Against All Heresies Book IV, Chapter 18).
One interpretation is right and one is wrong. One embraces Jesus today for all he presented himself and the other has limitations. Such is the dichotomy of scandal or mere symbolism as I will address next.